New Policy Change for Monorail Hoists - Pro Masonry Guide
New Policy Change for Monorail Hoists

New Policy Change for Monorail Hoists

OSHA’s policy change contains regulatory requirements important to users and owners of mast climbing work platforms.

By Kevin O’Shea

On July 3, 2017, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) announced a policy change for monorail hoists in construction, which excludes monorail hoists from the requirements of Subpart CC – Cranes and Derricks in Construction, as long as employers meet other OSHA requirements.

The mast climber industry is delighted with the policy change, and it contains extremely important regulatory requirements of which users and owners of mast climbing work platforms need to be aware, and with which they should comply.

When OSHA released Subpart CC – Cranes and Derricks in Construction in late-2010, the industry was faced with a challenge. The “material lifting device,” which is mounted on a mast climbing work platform, qualified as a crane under the standard (OSHA Letter of Interpretation July 8, 2011, Jim Maddux).

This had serious consequences for owners and users of mast climbing work platforms who use material lifting devices. The new OSHA rule effectively meant that when the Operator Certification section became law, all current and future owners and users would be unqualified to operate mast climber material lifting devices and, alarmingly, would have no method or path to achieve qualification.

The requirement for Operator Certification to a nationally recognized scheme, currently deferred until late-2018, provided no route for the mast climber industry to achieve compliance. This potentially banned the use of material lifting equipment designed to improve safety and productivity. The industry has been working to resolve this issue since 2011.

A path toward resolution

Members of the mast climber industry called three large crane operator training groups in an attempt to obtain operator training for a mast climber material lifting device, or “crane” as it was now designated.

All three entities responded alike, indicating that “no training courses are available, because it isn’t a crane.”

Additionally, because of the limited number of units in the field, it was highly unlikely that demand would stimulate a rethink from nationally accredited crane training entities or industry organizations, since the commercial element to the training was unattractive. This left the mast climber industry in a dilemma. The industry would have no way to train owners and users.

The mast climber industry’s position would place the responsibility on the employer to obtain qualification for operators. By providing this qualification through industry and manufacturer-driven training, both appropriate training and compliance to commonly held industry standards would be achieved. But this achievement seemed a million miles away from reality.

After listening to the issues, OSHA considered the challenges faced by the mast climber industry and other affected industries, and announced a policy change on July 3.

OSHA’s policy change for monorail hoists in construction

The new policy change for monorail hoists dictates that the agency will not cite employers for failing to meet the requirements of Subpart CC, if they meet the requirements of the overhead hoists and general training standards. The general industry requirements for monorail hoists do remain intact.

Dean McKenzie, director of OSHA’s Directorate of Construction, said the enforcement policy is “a commonsense approach to addressing industry concerns while also ensuring workers are protected.”

For construction applications, employers need to consult and comply with the following, according to the policy change for monorail hoists.

Compliance with 29 CFR 1926.554 (Overhead Hoists) is necessary:

  • The safe working load of the overhead hoist, as determined by the manufacturer, shall be indicated on the hoist, and this safe working load shall not be exceeded.
  • The supporting structure to which the hoist is attached shall have a safe working load equal to that of the hoist.
  • The support shall be arranged so as to provide for free movement of the hoist and shall not restrict the hoist from lining itself up with the load.
  • The hoist shall be installed only in locations that will permit the operator to stand clear of the load at all times.
  • All overhead hoists in use shall meet the applicable requirements for construction, design, installation, testing, inspection, maintenance and operation, as prescribed by the manufacturer.
  • Operators required to be trained in accordance with 29 CFR 1926.21:
    – The employer should avail himself of the safety and health training programs the Secretary [OSHA] provides.
    – The employer shall instruct each employee in the recognition and avoidance of unsafe conditions and the regulations applicable to his work environment to control or eliminate any hazards or other exposure to illness or injury.
  • The employer has determined that each operator is qualified to operate the hoisting system per 29 CFR 1926.20(b)(4):
    – The employer shall permit only those employees qualified by training or experience to operate equipment and machinery.
  • When monorail hoists are mounted on a mast climber, the employer must also comply with all other OSHA requirements that are applicable to the equipment and structure:
    – 1926.450 (Subpart L, Scaffolds) would apply here, for example. Employers will find regulations relating to stability, erecting, dismantling, alteration, etc.
    – 1926 Subpart M (Fall Protection).
  • Should an employer fail to comply fully with the above, the crane standard would apply.

The importance of the new policy change for monorail hoists

OSHA’s definition of a “crane” from the 2010 Crane Regulations had a potentially serious consequence for the mast climber industry. The Operator Certification requirement in the regulations, due to become enforced in November 2018, would have created a situation whereby owners and users of material lifting devices on mast climbers would not be qualified to operate them. There would have been no way to achieve qualification/certification. This policy change for monorail hoists by OSHA recognizes the challenges faced by our industry and other affected industries, and has now made it possible to train and certify operators to our own industry standards. Our industry is grateful to OSHA for its consideration and action.

Kevin O’Shea is Director of Safety and Training for Hydro Mobile and is an internationally recognized expert in the powered access industry. With 30 years of experience in rental, manufacturing, safety and training, he also is a representative of three not-for-profit organizations, is involved in industry design committees, and is the recipient of a number of industry awards. Contact him at

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